(New York, 1943-1978)
Gordon Matta-Clark was born in New York on June 22, 1943, to artists Roberto Matta and Anna Clark. Teeny Duchamp, Marcel’s wife, was Matta-Clark’s godmother. Matta-Clark’s childhood was spent in New York, Paris, and Chile. He studied architecture at Cornell University in 1963–68. In 1969, Matta-Clark moved back to New York and helped in the early 1970s to organize 112 Greene Street, an exhibition space showing new art. During the 1970s, Matta-Clark made the works for which he is best known: his Anarchitecture. These were temporary works created by sawing and carving sections out of buildings, most of which were scheduled to be destroyed. Splitting (1974) was his first large-scale work. For the Biennale de Paris (1975) he made Conical Intersect on the site of then-controversial Centre Georges Pompidou. Matta-Clark died at a young age, from cancer on August 27, 1978.
His work was shown in several solo gallery exhibitions as well as in solo shows at the Museo de Bellas Artes in Santiago, Chile (1971), Neue Galerie der Stadt in Aachen (1974), Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (1974), and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Chicago (1978). In 1977 he participated at documenta 6 in Kassel. Retrospective exhibitions have been organized by the IVAM-Institut Valenciá d’Art Modern, Valencia (1992), Generali Foundation, Vienna (1996) and The Whitney Museum of American Art in New York (2007).